Chapter access for the book series: ‘Connected and Mobile: Migration and Human Trafficking in Africa’


Book 1. Human Trafficking and Trauma in the Digital Era: The Ongoing Tragedy of the Trade in Refugees from Eritrea

Eds. Mirjam van Reisen and Munyaradzi Mawere (2017)
Full book online link: Click here

 

Chapter 1: Introduction..………….………………………. 1
By Mirjam Van Reisen

Part 1: The Ongoing Human Trafficking Crisis….……… 17

Chapter 2: Human Trafficking in the Sinai: Mapping the Routes and Facilitators……..………………. 19
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Meron Estefanos and Lena Reim

Chapter 3: The Exodus from Eritrea and Who is Benefiting…………………………………..…….. 95
By Mirjam Van Reisen and Meron Estefanos

Chapter 4: Human Trafficking Connecting to Terrorism and Organ Trafficking: Libya and Egypt….…159
By Mirjam Van Reisen and Meron Estefanos

Chapter 5: Eritrean Unaccompanied Minors in Human Trafficking…………………….…………… …193
By Mirjam Van Reisen and Taha Al-Qasim

Chapter 6: The Fragmentation of Families: Eritrean Women in Exile in Uganda…………..………… 221
By Eyob Ghilazghy, Sacha Kuilman and Lena Reim

Part 2: Severe Trauma………………….………………… 269

Chapter 7: The Trauma of Survivors of Sinai Trafficking……………….………….…….………… 271
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Selam Kidane and Lena Reim

Chapter 8: Collective Trauma from Sinai Trafficking: A Blow to the Fabric of Eritrean Society……………..……317
By Selam Kidane and Mirjam Van Reisen

Part 3: A Crisis of Accountability………………………… 347

Chapter 9: Crimes against Humanity: The Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea…………….……. 349
By Susan Höfner and Zara Tewolde-Berhan

Chapter 10: The Long Arm of the Eritrean Regime in the Netherlands……………….……………….369
By Klara Smits, DSP-Group and Tilburg University

Chapter 11: Atlantic Council: The Eritrean Regime’s US Spin Doctors? ………………………………405
By Francois Christophe

Chapter 12: The Policy Agenda in Europe and Africa…… 429
By Zara Tewolde-Berhan, Martin Plaut and Klara Smits

Chapter 13: Prosecuting Sinai Trafficking: An Overview of Options..……………………..……..….………465
By Daniel Mekonnen and Wegi Sereke

 


Book 2. Roaming Africa: Migration, Resilience and Social Protection

Eds. Mirjam van Reisen, Munyaradzi Mawere, Mia Stokmans and Kinfe Gebre-Egziabher (2019)
Full book online link: Click here

 

Preface by Zaminah Malole……………………………………………………………………….i

Part I. Theoretical Perspectives ……………………………………………………………1

Chapter 1: Roaming Africa: A Social Analysis of Migration and Resilience…………………………………………..3
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Mia Stokmans, Munyaradzi Mawere & Kinfe Abraha Gebre-Egziabher

Chapter 2: All or Nothing: The Costs of Migration from the Horn of Africa – Evidence from Ethiopia……………………………… 37
By Kinfe Abraha Gebre-Egziabher

Chapter 3: Why do Foreign Solutions not Work in Africa? Recognising Alternate Epistemologies ………………………………….. 55
By Gertjan Van Stam

Part II. Living Borders …………………………………………………………… 83

Chapter 4: Continuation of Care across Borders: Providing Health Care for People on the Move in East Africa ………………… 85
By Dorothy Muroki, Boniface Kitungulu & Leanne Kamau

Chapter 5: Mobility as a Social Process: Conflict Management in the Border Areas of Afar Region………………………… 109
By Abdelah Alifnur & Mirjam Van Reisen

Part III. New Perspectives in Migration…………………………………..141

Chapter 6: Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire: Are Climate Disasters Fuelling Human Trafficking in Kenya?………………… 143
By Radoslaw Malinowski & Mario Schulze

Chapter 7: Standing in Two Worlds: Mobility and the Connectivity of Diaspora Communities……………………… 171
By Antony Otieno Ong’ayo

Chapter 8: ‘Europe is not Worth Dying For’: The Dilemma facing Somalis in Europe………………………………………………. 203
By Melissa Phillips & Mingo Heiduk

Chapter 9: Countering Radicalisation in Communities: The Case of Pumwani, Nairobi……………………………. 225
By Reginald Nalugala

Part IV. Livelihoods …………………………………………………………….. 253

Chapter 10: Moving on to Make a Living: The Secondary Migration of Eritrean Refugees in Tigray, Ethiopia ……………… 255
By Bereket Godifay Kahsay

Chapter 11: Inhospitable Realities: Refugees’ Livelihoods in Hitsats, Ethiopia ………………………………………….. 283
By Kristína Melicherová

Chapter 12: Young and On their Own: The Protection of Eritrean Refugee Children in Tigray, Ethiopia………………………….. 315
By Tekie Gebreyesus & Rick Schoenmaeckers

Part V. The Challenges of Return Migration…………………………… 345

Chapter 13: Home, but not Home: Reintegration of Ethiopian Women Returning from the Arabian Gulf ……………………… 347
By Beza L. Nisrane

Chapter 14: Shattered Dreams: Life after Deportation for Ethiopian Returnees from Saudi Arabia………………………………… 377
By Shishay Tadesse Abay

Chapter 15: Life after the Lord’s Resistance Army: Support for Formerly Abducted Girls in Northern Uganda………………… 407
By Primrose Nakazibwe & Mirjam Van Reisen

Part VI. Social Protection……………………………………………………… 433

Chapter 16: Is Trauma Counselling the Missing Link? Enhancing Socio Economic Resilience among Post-war IDPs in Northern Uganda…………………………………………………………………………………………… 435
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Mia Stokmans, Primrose Nakazibwe, Zaminah Malole & Bertha Vallejo

Chapter 17: Roaming Lifestyles: Designing Social Protection for the Pastoralist Afar in Ethiopia………………………………… 459
By Zeremariam Fre & Naomi Dixon

Chapter 18: Where is your Brother? Religious Leaders in Eritrea Offer a Counter Narrative to Totalitarianism………………… 483
By Makeda Saba

Part VII. Defining Responsibilities at the National Level…………..519

Chapter 19: Peace, but no Progress: Eritrea, an Unconstitutional State………………………………………………………… 521
By Bereket Selassie & Mirjam Van Reisen

Chapter 20: Moving Through the Policy Window: Women in Constitution Making in Kenya ………………………………………… 557
By Stella Maranga

Chapter 21: Where are the Youth? The Missing Agenda in Somalia’s Constitution……………………………………… 577
By Istar Ahmed

 


Book 3. Mobile Africa: Human Trafficking and the Digital Divide

Eds. Mirjam van Reisen, Munyaradzi Mawere, Mia Stokmans and Kinfe Gebre-Egziabher (2019)
Full book online link: Click here

 

Preface by Chief Fortune Charumbira………………………………………………………ii

Part I. Theoretical Perspectives ……………………………………………………………1

Chapter 1: Black Holes in the Global Digital Landscape: The Fuelling of Human Trafficking on the African Continent……………………………………………………………………………………………….3
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Munyaradzi Mawere, Mia Stokmans, Primrose Nakazibwe, Gertjan Van Stam & Antony Otieno Ong’ayo

Chapter 2: Network Gatekeepers in Human Trafficking: Profiting from the Misery of Eritreans in the Digital Era……………33
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Klara Smits, Mia Stokmans & Munyaradzi Mawere

Chapter 3: Bound Together in the Digital Era: Poverty, Migration and Human Trafficking…………………………………………….63
By Munyaradzi Mawere

Chapter 4: Tortured on Camera: The Use of ICTs in Trafficking for Ransom……………………………………………………………91
By Amber Van Esseveld

Part II. Traumatising Trajectories………………………………………………….. 113

Chapter 5: ‘Sons of Isaias’: Slavery and Indefinite National Service in Eritrea……………………………………………………115
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Makeda Saba & Klara Smits

Chapter 6: Journeys of Youth in Digital Africa: Pulled by Connectivity……………………………………………………..159
By Rick Schoenmaeckers

Chapter 7: Not a People’s Peace: Eritrean Refugees Fleeing from the Horn of African to Kenya…………………………………..187
By Sophie Kamala Kuria & Merhawi Tesfatsion Araya

Chapter 8: Israel’s ‘Voluntary’ Return Policy to Expel Refugees: The Illusion of Choice…………………………………………209
By Yael Agur Orgal, Gilad Liberman & Sigal Kook Avivi

Chapter 9: The Plight of Refugees in Agadez in Niger: From Crossroad to Dead End……………………………………………..239
By Morgane Wirtz

Chapter 10: Lawless Libya: Unprotected Refugees Kept Powerless and Silent……………………………………………..261
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Klara Smits & Morgane Wirtz

Chapter 11: The Voices of African Migrants in Europe: Isaka’s Resilience…………………………………………………………..295
By Robert M. Press

Chapter 12: Desperate Journeys: The Need for Trauma Support for Refugees………………………………………….323
By Selam Kidane & Mia Stokmans

Chapter 13: Identifying Survivors of Torture: “I Never Told What Happened to Me in the Sinai”………………………………..353
By Sigal Rozen

Part III. Psychological Impact of Ongoing Trauma…………………….. 393

Chapter 14: Refugee Parenting in Ethiopia and the Netherlands: Being an Eritrean Parent Outside the Country…………………395
By Bénédicte Mouton, Rick Schoenmaeckers & Mirjam Van Reisen

Chapter 15: Journeys of Trust and Hope: Unaccompanied Minors from Eritrea in Ethiopia and the Netherlands……………….425
By Rick Schoenmaeckers, Taha Al-Qasim & Carlotta Zanzottera

Chapter 16: Refugees’ Right to Family Unity in Belgium and the Netherlands: ‘Life is Nothing without Family’…………449
By Mirjam Van Reisen, Eva Berends, Lucie Delecolle, Jakob Hagenberg, Marco Paron Trivellato & Naomi Stocker

Part IV. Problem Framing……………………………………………………………….. 495

Chapter 17: The Representation of Human Trafficking in Documentaries: Vulnerable Victims and Shadowy Villains……….497
By Nataliia Vdovychenko

Chapter 18: Language Dominance in the Framing of Problems and Solutions: The Language of Mobility………………………..527
By Munyaradzi Mawere, Mirjam Van Reisen & Gertjan Van Stam

Part V. Extra-territorialisation of Migration and International  Responsibilities…………………………………………….. 557

Chapter 19: The Shaping of the EU’s Migration Policy: The Tragedy of Lampedusa as a Turning Point………………………….559
By Klara Smits & Ioanna Karagianni

Chapter 20: Sudan and the EU: Uneasy Bedfellows………………………………………………………………….593
By Maddy Crowther & Martin Plaut

Chapter 21: Uncomfortable Aid: INGOs in Eritrea………………………………………………………………….631
By Makeda Saba

Chapter 22: Complicity in Torture: The Accountability of the EU for Human Rights Abuses against Refugees and Migrants in Libya…………………………………………………………………………………673
By Wegi Sereke & Daniel Mekonnen

Chapter 23: Playing Cat and Mouse: How Europe Evades Responsibility for its Role in Human Rights Abuses against Migrants and Refugees…………………………………………………………………………………….697
By Annick Pijnenburg & Conny Rijken

 

Book 4. Digital Human Trafficking in Africa (Forthcoming, 2020)