Adopted in 2018, the Global Compact for Migration is regarded as a milestone in the history of the global dialogue and international cooperation on migration. It is rooted in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda and informed by the Declaration of the High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development adopted in October 2013. The United Nations Global Compact for Migration expresses the collective commitment to improving cooperation on international migration. Throughout history, migration has been part of human experience and it is recognized as a source of prosperity, innovation, and sustainable development in our globalized world, these positive impacts can be optimized by improving migration governance, according to the Compact. Now that several years have passed, the UN has launched its second report on the Compact, pointing to achievements, but also ongoing challenges.
In a sitting of the Development Committee (DEVE) of the European Parliament on Tuesday 20 February 2018, Achim Steiner, Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), discussed the shortcomings of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and ways in which these need to be reestablished. He talked about the mounting pressure on people and the environment, including from ongoing conflicts and displacement as well as extreme weather phenomena such as in the Horn of Africa.