In this last article of the year, it is time to look back at some of the events of the past year in the context of forced movement along the Central Mediterranean Route. In 2019, approximately 1,246 people died in the Mediterranean Sea, and even more on land, during their journey to safety. It was a year in which the European Union secured and externalised its borders, making it harder for asylum seekers to enter Europe. It was also another year in which migrants and refugees in Libya were facing inhumane conditions that continue to be unaddressed. Responsibility sharing was a main topic of discussion among EU member states. In addition, a new relocation system was put in place, Salvini made his exit as Italian deputy Prime Minister, and the criminalization of rescue operations in the Mediterranean Sea did not stop NGOs from saving lives.
In this week’s news highlights: Eritrea shuts down schools run by religious institutions; Criticism on Eritrea peace deal excluding the people; Dutch vessel docked in Eritrean port Assab involved in Yemen war; Sudan forms new Cabinet; Podcasts to fight domestic violence in refugee camps; Rescue ships make port in Italy in spite of the ban; Greek government announces controversial emergency plan for migrants and refugees; Eritrean government celebrates 25 years of national service training in Norway; Trauma of refugees in Europe illustrated; Former Prime Minister of Australia praises anti-migration policies in Hungary; Rwanda offers space for 500 evacuees from Libyan detention centres; and UN Tweet about refugees exposes private details of a minor.
In this week’s news highlights: EU migration project in Sudan suspended since mid-March; “Solidarity mechanism” approved by 14 European ministers, Italy not included; €2 million for UNHCR in Libya from Germany; Critical report on EU migration policies; Italy wants to raise fines for NGO rescue operations; Band-sponsored rescue mission announced; Eritrean Orthodox Patriarch accused of heresy is removed from Church; IMF reports “disastrous” economic situation of Eritrea; Sudan Military announces failed coup attempt; Negotiations Sudan postponed; NGOs ask ACHPR to investigate human rights violations in Libyan detention centres; Tunisia unable to bury corpses of drowned refugees and migrants.